The inspiration behind Darwin’s theory of evolution the Galapagos islands are a living laboratory, a geological conveyor belt that has given birth to and seen the death of many species of plants and animals. In the vastness of the Pacific there’s place unlike any other. enchanted volcanic islands that are home to a remarkable collection of animals and plants. The extraordinary creatures of Galapagos astounted Charles Darwin. when he first came here 200 years ago. the islands lie 600 miles from the cost of South America and straddle the equator.
Today there are 16 main islands all of which are volcanoes.Most are now extinct and the oldest are crumbling into the sea.The biggest island is Isabela. Lying in the center of the group it has a strange seahorse like shape. That is because it originated as six separate volcanoes which eventually fused into one great island. The most remote is Alcedo. Its vast crater is four miles across. The huge steep aided walls still smoking with hets of valcanic gas and steam make this one of the most isolated places in the Galapagos. The youngest is Femandina. It rose from the sea just 500 thousand years ago and its still alive.
There are giant tortoises.In Galapagos There are the extraordinary creatures that gave their name to the islands. Galapagos in Spanish means tortoise. A big tortoise can weigh as much as a quarter of a ton. They live up to 100 years and more which makes them amongst teh longest lived of all vertebrates. Black lizards that swim in the ocean and spit salt from their noses Albatross the king of long distance flight spends most of its life on the wing. But each year it lands somewhere to breed and raise a chick. And that happens to be Galapagos. Some of the very first animals to reach these islands were spiders. There are some 150 known species of them in the Galapagos today. Carpenter bees are the main pollinators on the islands and the plants have adopted accordingly. Nearly all the flowers on the Galapagos are now either white or yellow. Those are the colors preferred by the carpenter bees so there’s no point in being anything else.
At some point in the history of the Galapagos the currents carried an iguana across 600 miles of ocean to the islands. Today there are thousands of them so many and so widely distributed throughout the islands that they are now one of the Galapagos most famous inhabitants.
Scalloped hammerhead sharks in numbers that are unequaled anywhere else in the world The red lipped batfish has lower fins which have been modified to enable it to prowl across the seafloor The Galapagos see robin can also walk and flashes its bright pectoral fins to frighten away predators.
The trumpet fish has such an elongated body that it’s hard to see so it’s able to sneak up on its prey. The mola mola the sunfish is huge three meters and addicted to laying on its side of the surface. It eats vast quantities of jellyfish. The male frigate bird has a pouch of scarlet skin hanging from his neck, During the breeding season he inflates it to attract the male or sea off a rival.
Recently we visited the zoo in our city [ Hyderabad] where we saw the Galapagos which is nearly three hundred years old and it is known as the senior citizen of our zoo