Lion’s pride lions are the only truly social cats and normally live in a group called a pride of as many as 30 individuals. A typical pride has two or three adult males five to ten adult females and a number of cubs. The lionesses or female lions of a pride are usually related to each other. And they generally stay with a pride their entire lives. Males do not stay their entire l lives. But they may remain for several years. A pride’s territory usually covers around 80 square miles. A pride chooses its territory based on the availability of two things prey and water. Lions mark their territory b urinating on trees and shurubs around its border. The scent of these markings tells other lions to keep out.
Meerkat Gangs It’s all for one and one for all with the caring sharing meerkats. Meerkat societies are supported by exceptionally strong hierarchies. Gangs consisting of anywhere from five to 30 meerkats are ruled by a dominant male and female. Everyone beneath this king and queen is something of a commoner with the dominant meerkats running the show. A vast majority of offspring is produced by just one female—–the dominant female. The other females help raise the pups.
Army of Ants Ants are social insects because they live and work together in communities. Here they feed and protect one another. They raise and care for their young. This way of life is very different from that of solitary insects that spend most and sometimes all of their lives alone. An ant community is called a colony. Life in an ant colony is very organized. Each member has a job to do from laying eggs to gathering food to fighting. Some colonies have one queen other colonies have several. The queens are fed and otherwise tended by the workers. The workers carry out such tasks as enlarging and protecting the nest tending queens and young and foraging. The activity of workers is coordinated mostly through pheromones and body contact.
Bees Some bees are social insects living in colonies made up of many thousands of individuals much the same as do ants wasps and termites. About 5% of all the different kinds of bees are social. The remainder are solitary bees living alone or in small family groups. Colonies are divided into three social classes or castes queens drones and workers. The two major types of social bees are the honeybee and the bumblebee.
Courtesy YOUNG WORLD THE HINDU