Most consider painful menstrual cycles an unavoidable part of the process and many a times they donot research on the real reason for pain. March is the month of awareness for endometriosis so we bring experts’ opinion on the issue. Gynaecologists feel that a lot needs to be done in India for Endometriosis awareness as many patients come in too late for treatment. The incidence of endometriosis is about 5 to 20 percent in the general population. An approximate of 30 and 40 per cent of women with endometriosis have difficulty in conceiving. It affects 89 million young women in the reproductive age group worldwide of which about 25 million are Indian women
What is Endometriosis
Tissue that forms the lining of the uterus is sometimes present in other places in some women. These sites can be ovaries fallopian tubes cul-de-sac intestines rectum and the urinary bladder. Endometrial tissue outside the uterus also responds to changes in hormones. It also breaks down and bleeds like the lining of the uterus during the menstrual cycle. However the bleeding inside the uterus has a passage to come out as menstrual bleeding through vagina. The bleeding in endometriotic sites accumulates and forms cysts or adhesions. This can cause pain especially before and during period. One third of cases of infertility is due to endometriosis. It mostly affects women between the ages of 25 and 40 years.
Those who suffer from endometriosis can have two to three times higher chances of developing certain types of ovarian cancer according to various studies. For this reason women who suffer from this disease require a proper follow up with the doctor for appropriate treatment.
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